In 1819, two years after Mill’s History of British India appeared, he was appointed an official in India House, despite his drastic criticisms in the History of British rule in India. He rose gradually through the ranks until he was appointed head of the examiner’s office in 1830. … Mill never actually visited India.
How did James Mill support British rule in India?
John Stuart Mill was simply upholding the family tradition when he fought (unsuccessfully) in 1858 to retain the body which he and his father had so faithfully served. 2 As Professor Stokes’s excellent study shows,3 utilitarianism exerted great influence on British rule in India during the nineteenth century.
How did James Mill describe India?
According to him India was backward and had unacceptable culture. With various superstitious beliefs prevailing in the country, the people were very arrogant. He further organized the country into three eras and stated that India grew or made changes only in terms of religious practices.
Did John Stuart Mill go to India?
Having entered “East India House” in 1823, when he was only seventeen years old, John Stuart Mill was placed in the office of the Examiner of Indian Correspondence. … Mill left India House when the East India Company was wound up on 2 September 1858, having “given enough” of his life, as he said, “to India”.
Who was James Mill in Indian History?
James Mill (born James Milne, 6 April 1773 – 23 June 1836) was a Scottish historian, economist, political theorist, and philosopher. He is counted among the founders of the Ricardian school of economics. He also wrote The History of British India.
How did James Mill View India in short?
How did James Mill view India? Answer: James Mill did not cherish any positive idea about India. He was of the opinion that all Asian societies were at a lower level of civilisation than Europe. According to his telling of history, before the British came to India, the Hindu and the Muslim despots ruled the country.
How did Mills divide Indian history?
In 1817, James Mill, a Scottish economist and political philosopher, published a massive three-volume work, A History of British India. In this he divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim and British. This periodisation came to be widely accepted.
Who was James Mill for Class 8?
Who was James Mill? Answer. He was a Scottish economist and political philosopher and is known for his book A History of British India.
Who is John Stuart Mill in ethics?
John Stuart Mill, (born May 20, 1806, London, England—died May 8, 1873, Avignon, France), English philosopher, economist, and exponent of utilitarianism. He was prominent as a publicist in the reforming age of the 19th century, and remains of lasting interest as a logician and an ethical theorist.
Who wrote History of British India?
What did Mill fear?
Based on his careful reading of Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville, Mill feared that the “will of the people” would more often be the “will of the majority.” This could threaten liberty and individual self-development if the majority acted to oppress minority viewpoints and lifestyles.