Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow.
What caused the Sepoy Mutiny?
Origin of the Mutiny
The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company’s troops. … In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth.
Who was the main leader of uprising of 1857?
List of Leaders
|Place||Leaders of the Revolt of 1857|
|Delhi||Bahadur Shah II, General Bakht Khan|
|Bihar||Kunwar Singh, Amar Singh|
Who said 1857 revolt?
Sen’s Observations on the Revolt of 1857: He was of the opinion that it was nothing but a military revolt. S.N. Sen called this revolt a ‘Sepoy Mutiny’.
Why did the Indian Mutiny fail?
Q: Why did the Sepoy Rebellion fail? The Sepoy Rebellion failed due to a couple of key elements. One of the major reasons was that the two Indian groups, the Muslims and the Hindus, were not friendly. Even though they had a common enemy, their basic grudge against each other led them to fight instead of merge.
Who was not the leader of the revolt of 1857?
All the main leaders and Kings of that time participated in this revolt like, Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi, Tantia Tope, Mangal Pandey, Begum Hazrat Mahal, Nana Saheb and many more from all parts of India. But Raja Ranjit Singh was not involved in 1857 rebellion.
What was the most fundamental weakness of the revolt of 1857?
The basic weakness was shortage of modern weapons and other materials of war. The organisation was poor and lacked unity of command and discipline. The British army was more stronger and well equiped.
Who first used the term Sepoy Mutiny?
Karl Marx was the first Western scholar to call the events of 1857 a “national revolt“, although he used the term Sepoy Revolt to describe them.
What is the symbol of revolt 1857?
Red Fort: The symbol of the 1857 rebellion.
How many died in the Indian Rebellion of 1857?
There are 2,392 fatalities recorded on the British Casualties, Indian Mutiny 1857-1859 register. The record set includes those British subjects or servicemen who died during the conflict. It is drawn from various sources including individual graves, memorials, plaques, medal rolls and other relevant sources.
What were the main causes of revolt of 1857?
What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857?
- Pathetic Socioeconomic Condition.
- Problems of Land Revenue.
- Destruction of Economy.
- Low position of Indians in Administration.
- Doctrine of Lapse.
- Ill-treatment with Bahadur Shah Zafar.
- Annexation of Oudh.
- Biased Police and Judiciary.