These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron.
Which regions did the Indian Ocean trade routes cover?
The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. This vast international web of routes linked all of those areas as well as East Asia (particularly China).
Which countries were most involved in the Indian Ocean trade routes?
The three regions that were part of the trade routes of the Indian Ocean were East Africa, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The commercial routes of the Indian Ocean were controlled mainly by the Portuguese, who established trading posts along the African, Indian and Southeast Asian coasts.
Where did the Indian Ocean trade route start and end?
The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.
Which three regions were part of the Indian Ocean trade route?
The three regions that were part of the trade routes of the Indian Ocean were East Africa, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
Which Indian Coast is best for marine trade with China?
According to the latest survey of 2019 the coasts are Mumbai port and JNPT(Jawaharlal Nehru port) which carries 70percent of Indian maritime trade with China and other countries.
What goods were traded along the Indian Ocean?
Trade Routes on the Indian Ocean
- Mediterranean Basin.
- Ceramics, Wine, Gold, Olive Oil, Glassware.
- East Africa.
- Ivory, Gold, Iron Goods, Slaves, Quartz, Tortoiseshells, Leopard Skins.
- Frankincense, Myrrh, Perfumes.
- Grain, Ivory, Precious Stones, Cotton Textiles, Spices, Timber, Tortoiseshells.
How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?
During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade be successful?
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.
Why were the Portuguese able to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean?
11. Why were the Portuguese able to establish fortified bases in the Indian Ocean region so quickly and easily? their ships could outgun and outmaneuver competing naval forces, while their onboard cannons could devastate coastal fortifications. … List some ways the Portuguese tried to dominate Indian Ocean trade.