Innovations in navigational technology (compass, astrolabe, lateen sail, stern-post rudder, etc.) helped significantly increase the volume and extent of trade in the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean.
What are 3 Technological advancements innovations that helped to make Indian Ocean trade successful?
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.
What inventions helped trade in the Indian Ocean?
Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.
How did technology facilitate trade in the Indian Ocean?
The compass played a vital role in navigating through seas and oceans. It was one of the Chinese technological inventions that changed the Indian Ocean trade from 1200 to 1450. … The Chinese dominated the trade, and introduce massive trading ships called Junks which were able to carry cargoes.
What caused the Indian Ocean trade?
One of the reasons Indian Ocean trade took off is that there were a wide range of resources available and a wide range of import needs — from ivory to timber to books to grain. But the most important thing was the wind. The Indian Ocean is home to a set of very special winds called Monsoons.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
Why did the Indian Ocean trade decline?
The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. … These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade. These items could be sold at a profit because they were scarce in Asian countries.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect China?
It would permit the Chinese to explore new areas and expand commercial and diplomatic relations. The grandeur of the fleet would dramatize the superior majesty and power of the Ming empire to peoples of distant lands, causing states of South and Southeast Asia to be incorporated into the tribute system.
How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?
During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect culture?
Indian Ocean commerce reshaped the people and societies that were a part of the exchange network. … These societies transformed as outside social and cultural practices reshaped their cultural traditions, and the wealth acquired through trade led to the rise of new trading cities and states.
Why did Ceylon become such an important location for Indian Ocean trade?
Strategic situation. The island of Ceylon was strategically important, since it commanded the Indian Ocean. Thus it controlled access to India, the vital Allied shipping routes to the Middle East and the oilfields of the Persian Gulf. Ceylon held most of the British Empire’s resources of rubber.
Why did trade along the Indian Ocean contribute to the growth of states?
Indian ocean trade routes allowed for the growth of powerful trading cities in this time period by allowing for new ideas and products to come through the cities, allowing things to grow. The economic factor grew because there was the trade of gold, porcelain, and other luxury goods.