The drain of wealth was interpreted as an indirect tribute extracted by imperial Britain from India year after year. According to the nationalist calculations, this chain amounted to one-half of the government revenues more than the entire land revenue collection and over one-third of India’s total savings.
What is the drain of India’s wealth?
The constant flow of national wealth from India to England for which India did not get an adequate economic, commercial or material return has been described by Indian national leaders and economists as ‘drain‘ of wealth from India. This was the drain of wealth theory.
What is known as drain of wealth?
The transfer of wealth from India to England for which Indian got no proportionate economic return, is called the Drain of Wealth. Till the Battle of Plassey, the European traders used to bring gold into India to buy Indian cotton and silk.
How was Indian wealth drained to England?
Further, British Government used India’s manpower to spread its colonial base outside India. Indians served in the British army at lower salaries than their British counterparts. … Thus, the British rule drained out Indian wealth for the fulfillment of its own interests.
What is home charges in British India?
Home Charges are the interests of India’s external debts and the payments of the salaries and pensions of British officials in India are what the Home Charges comprised of. The trade surplus was used to make these payments or the payments for the Home Charges.
What were the effects of drain of wealth?
The consequence of Drain of wealth were as follows: It impoverished all the section of Indian society particularly the peasants, who bore the brunt of the taxes raised by the Britishers. It drained India of its precious capital, which could have otherwise been invested in industrialization/ modernization of India.
How did drain of wealth affect India?
Impact of Drain of Wealth on Indian Economy
They bore the brunt of the taxes raised by the Company and later by the Government of India in the form of land revenue. It drained India of its precious capital which could have otherwise been invested in industrialization and modernization of agriculture in India.
What wealth means?
Wealth measures the value of all the assets of worth owned by a person, community, company, or country. … Essentially, wealth is the accumulation of scarce resources. Specific people, organizations, and nations are said to be wealthy when they are able to accumulate many valuable resources or goods.
Which industry suffered the most under British rule?
The Jute industry was most severely affected due to partition. Thus, Indian agriculture became backward, stagnant and non-vibrant under the British rule. 4. Name some modern industries which were in operation in our country at the time of independence.