What is the composition of tribe in India?
In the northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland, upward of 90 percent of the population is tribal. However, in the remaining northeast states of Assam, Manipur, Sikkim, and Tripura, tribal peoples form between 20 and 30 percent of the population.
What are the tribal groups?
Indigenous and tribal peoples are often known by national terms such as native peoples, aboriginal peoples, first nations, adivasi, janajati, hunter-gatherers, or hill tribes.
How many types of tribal are there?
Karnataka: Adiyan, Barda, Gond, Bhil, Iruliga, Koraga, Patelia, Yerava, Hasalaru, Koli Dhor, Marati , Meda, Naikda, Soligaru.
Who called tribes?
In general terms a tribe is a human social group which mainly live in a forested region and survive by hunting animals and by carrying out shifting cultivation. They have their own culture, religious beliefs and traditions which are completely different from mainstream practices.
Which is largest tribe in India?
The Gond comprise the largest tribal group of India with a population exceeding 12 million. Linguistically, the Gond belong to the Gondi–Manda subgroup of the South Central branch of the Dravidian language family.
What is the largest number of tribes?
Odisha has largest number of tribal groups in India. As per the estimate there are 64 tribal groups in Odisha. Karnataka has the second largest number of tribal groups in the country.
How many tribes exist in India?
Our country has the largest number of tribes as compared to any other country. There are a variety of groups of tribes. According to the Anthropological Survey of India, there are 461 tribal communities, out of which 174 were identify as sub-groups. 212 tribes are found in different parts of India.
WHO declares PVTG?
In this context, in 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called PVTGs and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category, making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes, spread over 17 states …
Who are tribal people India?
Still to get a brief idea about Indian tribes, here is a comprehensive list of 20 tribes, picked from different corners of India.
- Gonds Tribes. …
- Bhils Tribes. …
- Santhal Tribes. …
- Great Andamanese Tribes. …
- Khasi Tribes. …
- Garo Tribes. …
- Angami Tribes. …
- Munda Tribes.
What is the Article 342?
Article 342 provides for specification of tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within tribes or tribal communities which are deemed to be for the purposes of the Constitution the Scheduled Tribes in relation to that State or Union Territory.
Which state has highest number of tribes in India?
Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Population
|State with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes||Punjab ( 28.9 %)|
|State with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes||Mizoram ( 94.5 % )|
|State with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes||Goa (0.04 %)|