On 8 August 1942 at the All-India Congress Committee session in Bombay, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi launched the ‘Quit India’ movement. The next day, Gandhi, Nehru and many other leaders of the Indian National Congress were arrested by the British Government.
What is Quit India Movement 1942?
The Quit India Movement (translated into several Indian languages as the Leave India Movement), also known as the August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British rule in India.
Why was it called the Quit India Movement?
…his last satyagraha campaign, the Quit India movement. Declaring that the British presence in India was a provocation to the Japanese, Gandhi called on the British to “quit India” and to leave Indians to deal with the Japanese by nonviolent means, but Gandhi and all members of the Congress Party…
How many died in Quit India Movement?
Thousands were killed and injured in the wake of the ‘Quit India’ movement. Strikes were called in many places. The British swiftly suppressed many of these demonstrations by mass detentions; more than 100,000 people were imprisoned.
What is the slogan for do or die?
The mantra is: ‘do or die’. We shall either free India or die in the attempt; we shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery,” Mahatma Gandhi said.
What is the main aim of Quit India Movement?
The main aim of the movement was India’s freedom and it was accompanied by a mass protest on non-violent lines, in which Gandhi called for an orderly British withdrawal from India. With his passionate speeches, Gandhi asked people to participate in the movement who desired the freedom of the country.
What happened to India after WWII?
After the end of the war, India emerged as the world’s fourth largest industrial power and its increased political, economic and military influence paved the way for its independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
Do or die Quit India?
In 1942, in a fiery speech in Mumbai, Mahatma Gandhi gave a ‘do or die’ call to the people of India in a final push to make the British quit. … Also known as August Kranti Movement, it was launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee.
Was the Quit India Movement violent?
The Quit India movement was violently suppressed by the British – people were shot, lathi-charged, villages burnt and enormous fines imposed. In the five months up to December 1942, an estimated 60,000 people had been thrown in jail.
Why did the British Empire leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).