The defects of the Regulating Act and the exigencies of British policies necessitated the passing of another act in 1784. As William Pitt the Younger, the Prime Minister of England, enacted this act, so it came to be known as Pitt’s India Act.
Why Pitt’s India Act was passed?
Pitt’s India Act of 1784 was passed to remove the defects of the Regulating Act of 1773. It differentiated the commercial and political affairs of the Company. Thus it established a system of double government in India by Crown in Great Britain and the British East India Company.
What was the most important provision of the Pitt’s India Act?
Pitt’s India Act provided for the appointment of a Board of Control, and provided for a joint government of British India by both the Company and the Crown with the government holding the ultimate authority.
Why did the British passed the Pitt’s India Act list any two reasons?
The Act was significant for two reasons. Firstly, the company’s territories in India were for the first time called the ‘British possession in India‘ and secondly, British Government was given the supreme control over Company’s affairs and its administration in India.
What were the important aspects of the Pitt’s India Act?
Answer: Of these the most important one was the Pitt’s India Act of 1784, named after William Pitt the Younger Prime Minister of Britain at that time. This act set up a board of control in Britain through which the British government could fully control the company’s civil, military and revenue affairs in India.
Who started ICS exam in India?
Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’. Cornwallis introduced two divisions of the Indian Civil service—covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil service consisted of only Europeans (i.e., British personnel) occupying the higher posts in the government.
Which weaknesses of the Regulating Act were removed by the Pitt’s India Act?
The act had its shortcomings, as the Governor-General had no control over the council, he could only function with the majority opinion of the council. It also failed to stop the corruption among the company officials and the Governor-General had no veto power.
Which act is known as act of settlement?
The Act of Settlement was an Amending Act of 1781, which was passed by British Parliament on 5th July 1781 to remove the defects of the Regulating Act 1773. It is also known as Declaratory Act, 1781.
Why did the Regulating Act of 1773 Fail?
The major drawbacks of The Regulating Act of 1773 are stated below: The Governor-General had no veto power. … The parliamentary control that was sought in the activities of the company proved to be ineffective as there was no mechanism to study the reports sent by the Governor-General in Council.
What is the aim of regulating act?
The Regulating Act of 1773 (formally, the East India Company Act 1772) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain intended to overhaul the management of the East India Company’s rule in India. … It marked the first step towards parliamentary control over the Company and centralised administration in India.