As the Indian plate is moving northward relative to the Eurasian plate and collides with it, a convergent boundary is created. On the opposite side, the Indo-African boundary is divergent. The western Indo-Arabian boundary is lateral relative to each other giving rise to a transform boundary.
What happens when Indian Plate collided with Eurasian Plate?
The Himalayan mountain range and Tibetan plateau have formed as a result of the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate which began 50 million years ago and continues today. … These scraped-off sediments are what now form the Himalayan mountain range.
Which plate boundaries are convergent?
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge and Pacific Ring of Fire are two examples of divergent plate boundaries. When two plates come together, it is known as a convergent boundary.
What caused the Indian plate to move?
The rifting is thought to be caused by the rising of a mantle plume which caused the Indian plate to drift northwards and resulted in the opening of the Indian Ocean. The velocity of the drifting of the Indian plate northwards was surprisingly high, 18 to 20 cm per year prior to the collision with the Eurasian plate.
Which two formations are caused by divergent plates?
Most divergent plate boundaries are underwater and form submarine mountain ranges called oceanic spreading ridges. While the process of forming these mountain ranges is volcanic, volcanoes and earthquakes along oceanic spreading ridges are not as violent as they are at convergent plate boundaries.
What is the difference between convergent and divergent plate boundaries?
Convergent plates converge, or come together. The plates push against each other and build up. … Divergent plates diverge, or go away from each other. The plates pull away from each other, causing lava to spew out and develop new land.
What are the three types of convergent boundaries?
There are three types of convergent plate boundaries: oceanic-oceanic boundaries, oceanic-continental boundaries, and continental-continental boundaries.
How many plate portions are shown?
4. A. How many portions of plates are shown? Three plates are being shown: Divergent, Convergent and Transform.
Is Indian plate still moving?
The Indian Plate is currently moving north-east at five centimetres (2.0 in) per year, while the Eurasian Plate is moving north at only two centimetres (0.79 in) per year. This is causing the Eurasian Plate to deform, and the Indian Plate to compress at a rate of four millimetres (0.16 in) per year.
Is Pacific Plate overriding or subducting?
The oceanic Pacific Plate is subducting under the Indo-Australian Plate north and east of New Zealand, but the direction of subduction reverses south of the Alpine Fault where the Indo-Australian Plate starts subducting under the Pacific Plate.