Indian monsoon, the most prominent of the world’s monsoon systems, which primarily affects India and its surrounding water bodies. It blows from the northeast during cooler months and reverses direction to blow from the southwest during the warmest months of the year.
What is monsoon position?
Monsoon, a major wind system that seasonally reverses its direction—such as one that blows for approximately six months from the northeast and six months from the southwest. … The primary cause of monsoons lies in different warming trends over land and sea, though other factors may be involved.
How does monsoon take place in India?
The monsoon is caused by differing temperature trends over the land and ocean. … Moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean come to fill up the void, but because they can‘t pass through the Himalayas region, they’re forced to rise. The gain in altitude of the clouds results in a drop in temperature, bringing about rain.
What is the monsoon season in India?
Monsoon or rainy season, lasting from June to September. The season is dominated by the humid southwest summer monsoon, which slowly sweeps across the country beginning in late May or early June. Monsoon rains begin to recede from North India at the beginning of October. South India typically receives more rainfall.
Which areas of India are affected by a monsoon?
The Indian summer monsoon typically lasts from June-September (Fig. 58d), with large areas of western and central India receiving more than 90% of their total annual precipitation during the period, and southern and northwestern India receiving 50%-75% of their total annual rainfall.
What weather is monsoon?
A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions.
How is monsoon formed?
Water vapor condenses as air rises and cools in the ITCZ, forming clouds and falling as rain. The ITCZ can be seen from space as a band of clouds around the planet. This is where monsoon rainfall occurs.
What are the features of Indian monsoon?
Mention any three characteristics of monsoon :-
- They are not steady winds but are pulsating in nature . They vary from year to year.
- They have tendency to have breas in rainfall .
- It has wet and dry spells. The monsoons are known for their uncertainties.
- The monsoons are unevenly distributed.
What are the types of monsoon?
The Types of Monsoons
- Monsoon Cycles. In India, Australia and other equatorial regions, monsoons move from cold, high pressure systems to warmer areas of less resistance with low atmospheric pressure. …
- Summer Monsoons. …
- Dry Monsoons. …
- Embryo Monsoons.
How is winter in India?
January and February are considered the winter months in India. The minimum temperature recorded in the past two months was 15.39 degrees Celsius against a normal of 14.59 degrees Celsius, which was 0.79 degrees (rounded off) above normal for the season (See box).
What are the 6 seasons in India?
Here is a guide tour to the 6 seasons of India as per the Hindu…
- Spring (Vasant Ritu) …
- Summer (Grishma Ritu) …
- Monsoon (Varsha Ritu) …
- Autumn (Sharad Ritu) …
- Pre-winter (Hemant Ritu) …
- Winter (Shishir or Shita Ritu)
Which month is very cold?
It is very hot in summer (April – July) and cold in winter (December – January).
|Month||December to January|
|Av. Temp (Min-Max)||5o to 25o|
|Clothing||Woolen & Body Warmers|
Is India hotter than Australia?
Both the countries are located close to the equator. Generally, Australia is hotter than India, but it is not noticed as much because of the lack of quantity of life that is affected in the central Australian desert.
Where did monsoon first enter in India?
The Arabian Sea Branch of the Southwest Monsoon first hits the Western Ghats of the coastal state of Kerala, India, thus making this area the first state in India to receive rain from the Southwest Monsoon.
What are the types of monsoon in India?
India’s climate is affected by two seasonal winds – the northeast monsoon and the southwest monsoon.
There are four seasons:
- Winter (January-February)
- Hot weather summer (March-May)
- Rainy southwestern monsoon (June-September) and.
- Post-monsoon, also known as northeast monsoon in the southern Peninsula (October-December)
What is winter monsoon in India?
The Indian winter monsoon (IWM) is a key component of the seasonally changing monsoon system that affects the densely populated regions of South Asia. Cold winds originating in high northern latitudes provide a link of continental-scale Northern Hemisphere climate to the tropics.