The State of Ohio has more than 70 Indian mounds, burial sites of the Adena and Hopewell tribes–the “mound builders”–who inhabited central and southern Ohio from roughly 3,000 BCE until the 16th century. Many of these sites are open to the public, including the dramatic and fascinating Serpent Mound.
Who built the mounds in Ohio?
Serpent Mound is an internationally known National Historic Landmark built by the ancient American Indian cultures of Ohio. It is an effigy mound (a mound in the shape of an animal) representing a snake with a curled tail. Nearby are three burial mounds—two created by the Adena culture (800 B.C.–A.D.
How old are the Indian mounds in Ohio?
The Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks in south central Ohio is a group of 2,000-year-old American Indian mounds that will be considered in a few years by the UN for the prestigious World Heritage List. Here are 10 things to know about the mounds: 1.
Where are Indian burial mounds located?
Adena and Hopewell culture burial mounds
|Indian Mounds Regional Park||Saint Paul, Minnesota||Hopewell and Dakota cultures|
|Miamisburg Mound||Miamisburg, Ohio||Adena culture|
|Mound City||Chillicothe, Ohio||Ohio Hopewell culture|
|Pinson Mounds Mounds 6, 12, and 31||Madison County, Tennessee||Miller culture|
What is the second largest Indian mound in North America?
The Bynum Mound and Village Site is the second largest Indian mound in North America and is the most intact Mississippian site in the southeast.
What are serpent mounds used for?
Purpose of Serpent Mound
Additionally, graves and burial mounds near the site suggest Serpent Mound’s builders may have constructed the structure for some kind of important burial or mortuary function, such as to guide spirits. But the mound itself doesn’t contain any graves or artifacts.
What was found beneath the Great Serpent Mound?
In fact, the head of the creature approaches a steep, natural cliff above the creek. The unique geologic formations suggest that a meteor struck the site approximately 250-300 million years ago, causing folded bedrock underneath the mound.
What were Indian mounds used for?
The earliest mounds seem to have functioned both as public landmarks for seasonal gatherings and platforms for villages. Many of the shell mounds within the interior of the Southeast seem merely to have been piles of discarded freshwater mussel shells that marked the location of annual harvests and feasts.
What happened to the mounds in Ohio?
Although it appears that for the most part, the Mound Builders had left Ohio before Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, there were still a few Native Americans using burial practices similar to what the Mound Builders used. This type of activity disappeared completely some 300 years ago.
How do you identify Indian burial mounds?
Native American burial grounds are typically identified by bone fragments and ancient artifacts found in the earth in an area where Native Americans may have lived. Burial grounds are sometimes destroyed in the process of modern construction, leading to protests and outrage that goes ignored by some companies.
What happens if you disturb an Indian burial ground?
Any disturbance to the burial site is considered greatly disrespectful and is said to bring suffering to the descendants of the deceased. The Navajo believe a body must be properly buried so that the spirit can move on. If it is buried improperly, the spirit may remain in the physical world.
Who built the mounds in America?
Mound Builders were prehistoric American Indians, named for their practice of burying their dead in large mounds. Beginning about three thousand years ago, they built extensive earthworks from the Great Lakes down through the Mississippi River Valley and into the Gulf of Mexico region.