The British Raj (/rɑːdʒ/; from rāj, literally, “rule” in Sanskrit and Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India.
What nickname did Britain give India?
The British nicknamed India the brightest “star in the sky,” because India was the most valuable of all of Britain’s colonies. The British nicknamed India the brightest “jewel in the crown,” because India was the most valuable of all of Britain’s colonies.
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Was introduced in India by the British?
The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium. They landed in the Indian subcontinent on August 24, 1608, at the port of Surat.
Who Ruled India first?
The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
How was India treated under British rule?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … They often left the local princes in charge of the various parts of India.
Who was the first British visit India?
John Mildenhall (Circa 1560–1614) or John Midnall was a British explorer and adventurer and one of the first to make an overland journey to India.
What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?
The disadvantages were that they were subject to cholera, smallpox, and other diseases. Civil servants serving in India under the British East India Company died at twice the rate of those at home in England.