Article 21 of Constitution of India: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty. Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” Thus, article 21 secures two rights: Right to life, and. 2) Right to personal liberty.
Which human right is protected in Article 21 of the Constitution?
‘Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of person.’ The right to life is undoubtedly the most fundamental of all rights. … Article 21 of the Constitution of India, 1950 provides that, “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.”
What does Article 21 of Indian Constitution say?
Article 21 of the Constitution of India states that no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedures established by law. The state and its citizens have to take responsibility for the right to clean the environment because we live in this environment.
Is Article 21 an absolute right?
Though the Apex Court in the Pavement dwellers Case, observed that that the right to life which is conferred by Article 21 includes the right to livelihood but it also stated that the Constitution does not put an absolute embargo on the deprivation of life or personal liberty.
Is Article 21 available against private individuals?
If an act of private individual amounts to encroachment upon the personal liberty or deprivation of life of other person. … But, where an act of private individual supported by the state infringes the personal liberty or life of another person, the act will certainly come under the ambit of Article 21.
What are the rights under Article 21?
According to Article 21: “Protection of Life and Personal Liberty: No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.” This fundamental right is available to every person, citizens and foreigners alike.
What is the Article 23 in Indian Constitution?
Article 23 of the Constitution amended in 2014 includes the following provisions: Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
What is Article 25 of the Indian Constitution?
Article 25 guarantees the freedom of conscience, the freedom to profess, practice and propagate religion to all citizens. considered as included in the profession of the Sikh religion. This Article provides that every religious denomination has the following rights, subject to morality, health and public order.
What is Article 17 of the Indian Constitution?
“Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of Untouchability” shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
What does Article 18 say?
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Is Article 21 suspended during emergency?
Hint: The rights of personal liberty are purely fundamental in nature and cannot be suspended even during the times of an emergency. Complete answer: Article 359 of our constitution states that articles 20 and 21 of our constitution cannot be eliminated under any circumstance, even during an emergency.
What are the exceptions to Article 19?
Union of India. Article 19(2) – An Exception to Article 19(1): It is however pertinent to mention that, freedom of speech and expression of press is not absolute but is qualified by certain clearly defined limitations under Article 19(2) in the interests of the public.