India claims the entire erstwhile British Indian princely state of Jammu and Kashmir based on an instrument of accession signed in 1947. Pakistan claims most of the region based on its Muslim-majority population, whereas China claims the largely uninhabited regions of Aksai Chin and the Shaksgam Valley.
Why is Kashmir Important to India and Pakistan?
Kashmir serves as a bridge between South Asia and Central Asia. For India, it is the only direct route to Central Asia and through Central Asia to Europe. It plays a key role in the Belt and Road initiative. More importantly, it is key for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
What are the reasons for tensions between India and Pakistan?
A long-running dispute over Kashmir and cross-border terrorism have been the predominant cause of conflict between the two states, with the exception of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, which occurred as a direct result of hostilities stemming from the Bangladesh Liberation War in erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh …
What region is argued over between India and Pakistan?
Territorial disputes over the Kashmir region sparked two of the three major Indo-Pakistani wars in 1947 and 1965, and a limited war in 1999. Although both countries have maintained a fragile cease-fire since 2003, they regularly exchange fire across the contested border, known as the Line of Control.
Why has the Indian and Pakistani conflict over Kashmir become a cause for international concern?
The Indian and Pakistani conflict over Kashmir has become a cause for international concern due to the achievements of both nations in the area of nuclear weaponry, whereas both countries were able to successfully conduct nuclear tests in 1998, making both of them a threat to a greater public due to the massive …
Was Kashmir a Hindu state?
In the 1901 Census of the British Indian Empire, the population of the princely state of Kashmir was 2,905,578. Of these 2,154,695 were Muslims, 689,073 Hindus, 25,828 Sikhs, and 35,047 Buddhists. The Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, where they constituted a little less than 50% of the population.
What is the beauty of Kashmir?
HEAVEN ON EARTH
Picturesque and enchanting, Kashmir is cradled high in the lofty green Himalayas and hailed all over the world for its incredible natural beauty. Surrounded by mountain peaks, lush green valleys, glistening lakes, temples and spectacular Mughal-era gardens, it has inspired poets through centuries.
Has Pakistan ever won a war against India?
All wars begin with miscalculation and the 1965 war was purely Pakistan’s error. It was a strategic defeat for Pakistan but a military stalemate. Even halfway decent – and honest – military historians will tell you that the 1965 war was the last one that Pakistan had a chance of winning against India.
How many wars did India win?
Since India gained its independence in 1947, it has waged four wars intermittently by the 1970s against Pakistan (Indo-Pakistani Wars) and China (the India-China War).
Did Pakistan used to be part of India?
The Partition of India was the division of British India into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan. … The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.
What country controls Kashmir?
The region is divided amongst three countries in a territorial dispute: Pakistan controls the northwest portion (Northern Areas and Kashmir), India controls the central and southern portion (Jammu and Kashmir) and Ladakh, and the People’s Republic of China controls the northeastern portion (Aksai Chin and the Trans- …
Who would win India vs Pakistan war?
This time, India’s victory was nearly total: India accepted cease-fire only after it had occupied 740 square miles [1,900 km2], though Pakistan had made marginal gains of 210 square miles [540 km2] of territory. Despite the obvious strength of the Indian wins, both countries claim to have been victorious.
Who originally owned Kashmir?
Ever since its annexation by the Mughal empire in 1589 AD, Kashmir has never been ruled by Kashmiris themselves. After the Mughals, the region was ruled by the Afghans (1753-1819), Sikhs (1819-46), and the Dogras (1846-1947) until the Indian and Pakistani states took over.
Which side of Kashmir is beautiful?
Gurez valley is THE most beautiful part of Kashmir. It was a hassle to visit the valley a few years back, but there aren’t any permits required. All you need is to carry valid identity cards. Explore the valley till Chakhwali in Tulail and Tarbal in Bagtore.
Why does China care about Kashmir?
China controls a 38,000-square-kilometre section known as the Aksai Chin, which India claims as part of Ladakh. … China is interested in the area because of its investment in Pakistan, most significant of which is the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, which passes through Pakistan-Administrated Kashmir.