They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power. Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.
Why was India known as the jewel of the British Empire?
India was considered the ‘Jewel in the Crown’ for the British Empire due to India’s resources and location. They traded Indian pepper, cotton, Chinese silk, porcelain, fine spices, tea, and coffee. … During the Industrial Revolution, Britain needed raw materials and new markets, which India had.
Why was India so valuable to the British?
India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. … Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.
Why did the British want India?
In claiming India as a colony, Great Britain also wanted to assert its mission of exporting their supposedly better culture to the rest of the world. As they considered themselves a superior race, the British felt a moral imperative to improve the welfare of the people under their rule.
What good did the British Empire do for India?
Social reforms. Perhaps the biggest contribution of British in India was removal of social practices like Sati, child marriage, untouchability. Not only they banned such cruel inhumane practices, they also promoted a widow’s remarriage. Just imagine what India would be if such practices still existed.
Why did Britain call India the brightest jewel in the crown?
What India is known as, this country had valuable resources that Europe wanted to exploit, like diamonds, cotton, wheat and other goods. … He called India “the brightest jewel in the crown“. In 1876, Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India, and British monarchs retained the title until 1947.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.
Does Britain still rule India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
What made British to leave India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.