What is the condition and statistics of water diseases in India?
Waterborne diseases in India
Annually about 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases, 1.5 million children die of diarrhoea and 73 million working days are lost leading to an economic burden of $600 million a year.
What is Disease Class 8?
Answer: A disease is a condition of disturbances in physical and psychological processes of the human body.
What are the diseases spread through water?
Water-Borne Diseases and their Impact
The pathogenic microorganisms, their toxic exudates, and other contaminants together, cause serious conditions such as cholera, diarrhea, typhoid, amebiasis, hepatitis, gastroenteritis, giardiasis, campylobacteriosis, scabies, and worm infections, to name a few.
What are the water-borne diseases that are present in India?
Diarrhoea Took More Lives Than Any Other Water-Borne Disease In India
|Reported Cases And Deaths By Water–Borne Diseases in India|
|Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases||11413610||840|
What percentage of diseases are waterborne?
The World Health Organization estimates that 80% of diseases worldwide are waterborne. Alarmingly, groundwater in one-third of India’s 600 districts is deemed unfit for drinking – with dangerous levels of fluoride, iron, salinity and arsenic.
Why are the most child deaths in India due to water borne diseases?
Forty five per cent of India’s children are stunted and 600,000 children under five die each year, largely because of inadequate water supply and poor sanitation, reads a report by UNICEF and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
What are the 5 types of diseases?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
What disease looks like Class 9?
Hint: Any disturbance in the structure or function of any organ or part of the body. It may be caused due to the attack of pathogens (virus, bacteria), lack of nutritious diet/balanced diet and lack of public health services.
What are the factors affecting transmission of water borne diseases?
Lack of clean water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are major causes for the spread of waterborne diseases in a community. The fecal–oral route is a disease transmission pathway for waterborne diseases. Poverty also increases the risk of communities to be affected by waterborne diseases.
What are the signs and symptoms of leptospirosis?
In humans, Leptospirosis can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:
- High fever.
- Muscle aches.
- Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
- Red eyes.
- Abdominal pain.
What are examples of airborne diseases?
Types of airborne diseases
- Coronavirus and COVID-19. The CDC recommends that all people wear cloth face masks in public places where it’s difficult to maintain a 6-foot distance from others. …
- The common cold. …
- Influenza. …
- Chickenpox. …
- Mumps. …
- Measles. …
- Whooping cough (pertussis) …
- Tuberculosis (TB)
How much percentage of communicable diseases are water borne in India?
The World Bank estimates 21% of communicable diseases in India are water related. Of these diseases, diarrhoea alone killed over 700,000 Indians in 1999 (estimated) – over 1,600 deaths each day.
What is vector borne diseases in India?
Important vector-borne disease for India, include malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, kala-azar, lymphatic filariasis and chikungunya. They are being addressed by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Directorate of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
Why are water borne diseases rampant in India?
The report said that poor water quality and the lack of adequate disposal of human, animal, and household wastes are contributing to waterborne diseases. Just 30% of waste water from India’s cities is treated before disposal. The rest flows into rivers, lakes, and groundwater, it said.